HUD Manufactured Home Procedural and Enforcement Regulations
In 1974, Congress passed the National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act which authorized the Department of Housing and Urban Development to establish construction standards for manufactured homes. In 2000, Congress updated the 1974 Act.
In passing the two laws, Congress, intended to protect the quality, durability, safety and affordability of manufactured homes; to facilitate the availability of affordable manufactured homes and increase homeownership for all Americans; to provide for the establishment of uniform and performance-based construction standards for manufactured homes; and to encourage cost-effective and innovative construction techniques for manufactured homes.
Congress also authorized the establishment of a Manufactured Housing Consensus Committee (MHCSS) to assist HUD in the development, revision and interpretation of the MHCSS.
In addition, it authorized HUD to establish minimum manufactured home installation standards that could be adopted by states to provide for the initial installation of new manufactured homes and a program to provide for the resolution of disputes between consumers, retailers and manufacturers.
In addition to the HUD-Code, the Manufactured Housing Program administered by HUD, provides for a comprehensive enforcement and compliance program designed specifically for the factory production environment, to ensure the highest degree of safety in the design and construction of manufactured homes. This enforcement system relies on a cooperative federal/state program to ensure compliance with the HUD Code. The system is based on a closely monitored quality assurance program which includes third party approval of every home design and inspections at every stage of production. These third party inspections are in addition to the inspections carried out by the manufacturer’s own foremen and quality assurance inspectors. HUD, through its monitoring contractor, the Institute of Building Technology and Standards (IBTS), as well as State Administrative Agencies, monitor the work of third party inspection agencies and the manufacturers to ensure compliance with the procedural and enforcement regulations.